How does smoking affect your body

How does smoking affect your body

Smoking can affect bone health.

Smoking is associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis, a disease characterized by weak or fragile bones. Studies show a direct correlation between tobacco use and decreased bone density, making tobacco users more vulnerable to osteoporosis.

Smoking increases the risk of bone fracture and if you continue to smoke after bone damage, it has a negative effect on the healing process. Fortunately, quitting can help your bones, no matter what your age, by limiting bone loss.

Smoking can affect the skin

Smoking reduces the amount of oxygen that enters the skin. This means that when you smoke, your skin ages faster and looks gray and dull. The toxins in your body also cause cellulite.
If you smoke prematurely, your skin will age between 10 and 20 years and increase the likelihood that you will have facial wrinkles. Smoking even gives you a pale, yellow-grey complexion and hollow cheeks, which can make you look emaciated.

Smoking can affect the Mouth and throat

Smoking causes unpleasant problems, such as bad breath and dirty teeth, and can also cause gum disease and affect the sense of taste.

The most serious damage caused by smoking in the mouth and throat is an increased risk of cancer of the lips, tongue, throat, vocal box and esophagus. Smoking is responsible for more than 93% of carcinoma of the oropharynx (cervical cancer).

The good news is that if you stop using tobacco, even after many years, the risk of developing head and neck cancer can be significantly reduced. If you have not smoked for 20 years, the risk of cancer of the head and neck is reduced to that of a non-smoker.

Smoking can affect the stomach

Smokers are more likely to develop stomach cancer or ulcers. Smoking can weaken the muscle that controls the lower end of the oesophagus and cause a flow of stomach acid in the wrong direction to secure the oesophagus, a process called reflux.

Smoking is a major risk factor for the development of kidney cancer. The more you smoke, the greater the risk. For example, research has shown that if you regularly smoke 10 cigarettes a day, you develop kidney cancer one and a half times more than a non-smoker. This is twice as likely if you smoke 20 or more cigarettes a day.

Smoking can affect the lungs:

Smoking causes inflammation of the small airways and lung tissue. This can make your chest firmer, or you can breathe or have trouble breathing. Persistent inflammation accumulates scar tissue, resulting in physical changes to the lungs and airways, which can affect breathing. Long-term pulmonary irritation may cause chronic coughing with mucus.

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